More than 77,000 displaced people -Nigerian refugees and Nigerien returnees - have exhausted the resources of host communities. Immediate humanitarian assistance is required.
Under the deal, both sides agreed to pull back heavy weapons by 15 kilometres (nine miles) from their point of contact, thereby creating a buffer zone of "at least 30 kilometres wide".
A large number of subsistence farmers in Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua have suffered partial or total loss of their crops and livestock and are in need of assistance.
There are concerns that MINUSCA, like other peacekeeping missions, has too many things on its priority list, of which the protection of civilians is only one of many.